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Everything You Need to Know about Inguinal Hernia: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and More

For most of us, being healthy is a number one priority. But there are some conditions that may not be prevented just because we try to stay healthy. These conditions may have different causes, and sometimes, the only way we realise we have them is through a medical checkup. One of these conditions is inguinal hernia.

How to know if you have inguinal hernia

If you have inguinal hernia, there may be no outright symptoms at first. Sometimes, the only way to find out if you have the condition is through a medical examination. But there is also one way to determine if you have inguinal hernia: if you can feel a bulge, notably on either or both sides of the pubic bone, then this may be a sign of hernia. The bulge is often more apparent when you are standing upright, particularly if you strain or cough.

There are other symptoms of inguinal hernia, and being observant of them can help you see if you have the condition or not. Aside from the noticeable bulge, there may also be a burning, throbbing or aching, or even gurgling sensation or feeling on the bulge itself. You may also feel a bit of discomfort or pain in your groin area, particularly when lifting, coughing, or bending. Another symptom is a dragging or heavy feeling in your groin, as well as a feeling of weakness or underlying pressure. Additionally, there may be inflammation on the testicles if the intestine moves down to the scrotum.

inguinal hernia

What you can do to ease the pain

There are some things you can do to alleviate the symptom or swelling and at least ease some of the discomfort of inguinal hernia. When you are in a prone position or lying down, you can gently push the inguinal hernia back into place in your abdomen. In addition, you can apply an ice bag or pack to the affected area so the swelling can reduce and you can slide the inguinal hernia in more easily. Whilst resting or sleeping, you can also lie down with your pelvis at a higher position than your head.

If the swelling doesn’t abate or the hernia worsens

If the swelling or bump gives you too much pain or discomfort or turns a different colour (such as purple, red, or a darker shade than your skin), then it is time to visit a doctor. Before seeing a doctor, however, find out if there are any restrictions before your appointment, such as not being allowed to eat or drink after 12 midnight, for instance. Before you visit the doctor, it would also be a good idea to make a list of all your symptoms, including the time your symptoms began and how they have changed over a period of time. It would also be a good idea to take note of your other medical or health conditions so the doctor can be aware of it at the beginning of your visit.

What to expect on a doctor’s visit

A simple physical examination is often all it takes to determine if you have inguinal hernia. The doctor will ask you about your symptoms and will likely do an examination of the bulge or bump.

doctor visit

Treatment for inguinal hernia

If the hernia is still small and is not too bothersome, the doctor may advise you to wait. But if the hernia is already enlarged or too painful, hernia surgery may be required. Hernia surgery can be comprised of open hernia repair or laparoscopy, depending on the condition of the inguinal hernia. If you are residing in or near London, hernia surgery in London is readily provided by reputable and reliable experts.